Uppsala University Library
Sturtzenbecker collection
Cartographic sketch-book based on Piri Reis' "Kitab-i Bahriye" 'Book of maritime matters'
Vegetation symbols

 

Nr Symbol Link to example map with symbol
1 Palm_1
Date palm

1_47
Alexandria, Egypt

 

2 Palm_2
Palm or banana?
1_58
Tunis
3 Palm_3
Palm
1_136
Tunis
4 palm_NilenPossibly dwarf palm (Chamaerops)

1_141
Nile Delta

5 4
Pine?
1_126
Ionian or Aegean Sea, coastal strip with palaces
6 5
Pine?
1_105
Methana, Peloponnese
7 6
Pine or cypress?
1_83
Possibly coast of Spain-Narbonne
6+8 5+7
Cypress & pine?

1_4
Environs of Istanbul

8 7
Pencil cypress
1_125
Ionian or Aegean Sea, island with several palaces
9 8
Olive tree?

1_41, 1_44 Syria
1_66 Ceuta (yellow) Gibraltar (red)
1_68, 1_69 Spanish coast
1_130, 1_132, 1_133, 1_134 Christian settlements 1_142, 1_143 Anatolia South

10 9
Olive tree?
1_135, 1_160 Rhodos,
1_162 Unidentified fortified island town,
1_165 Eğriboz Euboia,
1_166 Unidentified fortified town on gulf,
1_168 Dardanelles,
1_172 Istanbul
11 10
Water lily or agave?
1_98, 1_99, 1_100, 1_102, 1_103, 1_104, 1_106
Coastal strips & islands Ionian and Aegean Sea
1_105 Methana, Saronic gulf.
12 11
Bush with leaves

1_8
Dardanelles

13 12
Bush

1_82
Coastal strip at Rhône mouth

14 13
Bush with fruit or nuts?

1_106
Probably South Peloponnese